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What is GDPR and its 7 Principles?

In today’s digital age, data has become one of the most invaluable assets for individuals and businesses across the world. With the advent of technology, the amount of personal data being collected and processed has grown exponentially, and this has raised concerns about the privacy and security of individuals’ data. In response, the European Union introduced the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in 2018, a set of regulations designed to protect the privacy and security of an individual’s personal data. This article will furnish an overview of the GDPR and its seven principles, which are the cornerstone of the regulation. Understanding the principles of GDPR is crucial for businesses that handle personal data, as non-compliance can result in severe penalties.

What is GDPR and its 7 Principles

What is the GDPR?

GDPR stands for General Data Protection Regulation, which is a European Union (EU) regulation on data protection and privacy for all individuals inside the EU and European Economic Area (EEA). It came into effect on May 25, 2018, and replaced the 1995 Data Protection Directive.

The GDPR aims to strengthen data protection rights for individuals, harmonize data protection laws across the EU, and increase accountability and transparency for organizations that handle personal data. It mandates that organizations obtain the explicit agreement of individuals before collecting, using, or disclosing their personal data and apply security measures to avoid unauthorized access or disclosure.

The GDPR applies to any organization, regardless of its location, that processes the personal data of EU/EEA residents. Non-compliance with the GDPR can result in significant fines and other penalties.

What is the primary purpose of GDPR?

The primary aim of the GDPR is to protect the privacy and personal data of EU citizens. It provides a framework for how companies and organizations must handle personal data, including how they collect, use, store, and transfer it. Individuals are also granted certain rights under the GDPR, including the right to view their personal data, the right to have it corrected or erased, and the right to restrict its processing. The regulation aims to increase transparency and accountability regarding personal data processing and ensure individuals have control over their personal information.

7 Principles of GDPR:

Here are the seven principles of GDPR that companies must adhere to:

1. Lawfulness, fairness, and transparency

The first principle of GDPR is that companies must collect, use, and store personal data lawfully, fairly, and transparently. This means that companies must have a legitimate reason for collecting personal data, and individuals must be informed about why their data is being collected and how it will be used.

2. Purpose limitation

Companies must only collect personal data for specific, explicit, and legitimate purposes. This means that companies cannot use personal data for purposes that are unrelated to the original reason for collecting the data.

3. Data minimization

GDPR requires companies to collect and process only the minimum amount of personal data necessary to achieve the stated purpose. This means that companies cannot collect more personal data than they need and must delete any unnecessary data.

4. Accuracy

Companies must ensure that personal data is accurate and up-to-date. This means that companies must take reasonable steps to ensure that the personal data they hold is correct, complete, and relevant to the purpose for which it was collected.

5. Storage limitation

Organizations may only retain personal data as long as it is required to fulfill the purpose for which it was collected. This means that companies must have a clear retention policy and delete personal data when it is no longer needed.

6. Integrity and confidentiality

Companies must keep personal data secure and protected from unauthorized access, disclosure, or loss. This means that companies must implement appropriate technical and organizational measures to protect personal data.

7. Accountability

Finally, GDPR requires companies to demonstrate their compliance with the regulation. This means that companies must keep detailed records of their data processing activities and be able to demonstrate that they are taking appropriate measures to protect personal data.

Is GDPR mandatory?

The GDPR is mandatory for all organizations that collect, process, and store the personal data of individuals in the EU, regardless of the organization’s location. The regulation imposes strict requirements on the collection, use, storage, and deletion of data, and non-compliance can result in substantial fines and penalties.

Master GDPR and its principles with InfosecTrain:

The GDPR constitutes a comprehensive data privacy regulation establishing the global data protection standard. Its seven principles develop clear guidelines for the collection, use, storage, and other processing of personal data, ensuring individuals have greater control over their information. Organizations must comply with GDPR or face significant penalties, making it essential for businesses to prioritize data privacy and protection. As technology advances, GDPR’s principles will remain relevant and necessary to safeguard individuals’ fundamental rights to privacy.

InfosecTrain’s GDPR training course can help individuals and organizations understand the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) by providing comprehensive training on the regulation’s key concepts, principles, and requirements. The course covers topics such as data protection principles, data subject rights, data breaches, and compliance requirements. Through this training, learners will gain practical knowledge and skills to implement GDPR within their organizations, including policies, procedures, and best practices to protect personal data and comply with the regulation.


Monika Kukreti ( )
Infosec Train
Monika Kukreti holds a bachelor's degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering. She is a voracious reader and a keen learner. She is passionate about writing technical blogs and articles. Currently, she is working as a content writer with InfosecTrain.
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