The Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) certification is highly desired after credential for IT risk, IT security, and IT Auditors. Many CISA (Certified Information Systems Auditor) certified positions are available in reputable firms such as Internal Auditor, Accountant, Accounts and Audit Assistant, Accounts Executive, Account Assistant, Accounts Manager, Accounts Officer, and Audit Executive. Here we will discuss frequently asked questions in a CISA interview.
Question 1: What exactly is a Request for Change (RFC)?
Answer: A Request for Change (RFC) is a method that provides authorization for system changes. The CISA Auditor must be able to recognize and act on developments that could risk the network’s security. The RFC keeps track of all current and previous system changes.
Question 2: What is Change Management?
Answer: Change Management is typically a group of professionals tasked with identifying the risk and impact of system modifications. The CISA will be in charge of assessing security concerns associated with modifications.
Question 3: What happens if a change harms a system or does not go as planned?
Answer: Calling a rollback is the responsibility of the CISA and other change management personnel. If something goes wrong with the deployment, all modifications should include a rollback plan.
Question 4: What security systems do you have in place to protect against unauthorized traffic?
Answer: At the router or server level, firewalls safeguard the internal network. Penetration testing systems use scripts to discover potential network risks, while antivirus protection prevents virus software from installing.
Question 5: What is the role of a CISA Audit Trail?
Answer: Audit trails enable you and the firm to keep track of systems that contain sensitive data. Audit trails are primarily used to keep track of which users accessed data and when they did so. These trails can assist businesses in detecting unauthorized access to personal information.
Question 6: In performing a risk-based audit, which risk assessment is completed first by an IS Auditor?
Answer: Inherent risk assessment. Inherent risk exists independently of an audit and can occur because of the nature of the business. It is necessary to be aware of the related business process to conduct an audit successfully. To perform an audit, an IS Auditor needs to understand the business process. By understanding the business process, an IS Auditor better understands the inherent risk.
Question 7: What is the most important reason an audit planning should be reviewed at periodic intervals?
Answer: To consider changes to the risk environment, it is important to review audit planning at periodic intervals. Short and long-term issues that drive audit planning can be heavily impacted by the changes to the organization’s risk environment, technologies, and business processes.
Question 8: What is the goal of an IT audit?
Answer: An IT audit’s primary function is to evaluate existing methods to maintain an organization’s essential information.
Question 9: What exactly are IT General Controls?
Answer: IT General Controls (ITGC) are the fundamental controls that apply to IT systems such as databases, applications, operating systems, and other IT infrastructure to ensure the integrity of the systems’ processes and data.
Question 10: What are the essential skills of an IT Auditor?
Answer: The following are essential skills for an IT Auditor:
Question 11: How do you go about conducting a risk assessment?
Answer: Depending on the industry, risk assessments may differ. In some industries, an auditor is required to apply pre-written risk assessment procedures. However, the goal of any risk assessment is to use available tools or processes to identify vulnerabilities particular to the company being assessed and develop a strategy to address them.
Question 12: What is the distinction between an internal and an external audit?
Answer: Employees of the company conduct internal audits. External audits are carried out by professionals of a third-party firm. Some sectors necessitate an external audit to ensure compliance with industry regulations.
Question 13: What are the advantages of an IT audit for a company or organization?
Answer: IT audits assist in identifying weaknesses and vulnerabilities in system design, giving the company vital information for further hardening their systems.
Question 14: Do you try to resolve a bug in an application yourself?
Answer: No. The best approach is to bring it to the attention of both the technical team and the system owners. The problem can be recorded in the final report as well.
Question 15: Why does active FTP (File Transfer Protocol) fail with network firewalls?
Answer: Two TCP connections are formed when a user begins a connection with the FTP server. The FTP server initiates and establishes the second TCP connection (FTP data connection). When there is a firewall between the FTP client and the server, it will prohibit the connection initiated from the FTP server because it is an outside connection. Passive FTP can be used to solve this, or the firewall rule can be updated to add the FTP server as trustworthy.
Question 16: How can a Brute Force Attack on a windows login page be prevented?
Answer: Set up an account lockout for a certain number of failed login attempts, and the user account will be automatically locked after that amount.
Question 17: How can a CISA Auditor gain a better understanding of the system?
Answer: CISA Auditor can talk to management, read documentation, observe other employees’ activities, and examine system logs and reports.
Question 18: What are intangible assets?
Answer: Intangible assets are those that cannot be seen, such as the company’s worth.
Question 19: What exactly is Vouching?
Answer: Vouching is the process of verifying the presence of something; for example, verifying from the overall record to the required documents.
Question 20: How frequently does the company update its assessment of the top risks?
Answer: The enterprise-wide risk assessment approach should be adaptable to changing business conditions. A solid strategy for identifying and prioritizing essential enterprise risks, such as emerging risks, is critical to maintaining an up-to-date perspective of the top risks.
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