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Frequently Asked Questions in a Certified Scrum Master Interview

Scrum is a methodology for tackling multiple adaptive challenges in a productive and creative manner while providing high-value solutions. It is primarily employed in product development strategy. In this article, we will discuss the most frequently asked questions in a certified Scrum Master interview.

Frequently Asked Questions in a Certified Scrum Master Interview

Question 1. What differentiates Agile testing (development) methodology from other testing (development) methodologies?

Answer: The testers (developers) assure that the entire testing (development) process is broken down into several small steps as feasible, with only a small unit of code tested (produced) in each of these steps. Based on the results of Agile testing, the testers’ (developers’) team regularly communicates the outcomes of their work and adjusts the short-term strategy and even the development plan on the move. The Agile technique promotes a flexible and quick approach to modify, which leads to a better result.

Question 2. What distinguishes Scrum from Agile?

Answer: The main distinctions are as follows:

Agile Scrum
● It is a collection of principles that are incremental and iterative in nature ● It is an Agile technique implementation
● It is appropriate for projects requiring a small team of professionals ● It is employed in teams that must deal with constantly changing requirements
● The Project Manager oversees all work and is critical to the project’s success ● There is no one in charge. The Scrum Master and the team handle issues
● Changes cannot be handled on a regular basis ● Teams are capable of reacting fast to changes
● It necessitates regular distribution to the end-user ● Sprints deliver usable versions of the final product to users for feedback


Question 3. What procedures do you conduct in a Scrum?

Answer: In Scrum, three major procedures are held:

Planning Meeting: The whole Scrum Team, as well as the Scrum Master and Product Owner gather to discuss all items from the Product Backlog that can be worked on during the sprint. When a topic is evaluated and well known by the team, it is added to the Sprint Backlog.

Review Meeting: Where the Scrum Team shows their work to the customers.

Sprint Retrospective Meeting: The Scrum Master, along with the Scrum Team and Product Owner, gather to reflect on the last sprint.

Question 4. What are the roles in Scrum?

Answer: The various roles in Scrum are:

Product Owner: The Product Owner is the person in charge of enhancing the ROI by selecting product features, prioritizing these elements into a list, identifying what needs to be worked on in the future Sprint, and much more. These are often re-prioritized and changed.

Scrum Master: This person assists the team in learning how to use Scrum to maximize business value. The Scrum Master removes obstructions, protects the team from distractions, and helps the team to adopt Agile principles.

Scrum Team:  They are a group of people who work together to guarantee that the client’s needs are met.

Question 5. What is the difference between the Product and the Sprint Backlog?


Product Backlog Sprint Backlog
● It is a list of tasks that must be done in order for the product to be developed ● It is a list of tasks that must be done during each Sprint
● The Product Owner collects the backlog from the customer and assigns it to the team ● The team obtains the Product Owner’s backlog and establishes the Sprint timetable
● It has a clear end aim ● It has a clear end aim
● The backlog is maintained by the Product Owner until the project is completed ● The team creates backlogs for each new Sprint

Question 6. What exactly is a Scrum Master? And what exactly do they do?

Answer: A Scrum Master is one who supports the team’s use of Scrum.

  • They are familiar with Scrum’s theory, processes, principles, and values
  • They ensure that the team adheres to the Scrum ideas, principles, and practices
  • They remove any distractions and obstructions to the project’s progress
  • During the Sprint, the Scrum Master ensures that the team delivers value

Question 7. What exactly are Sprint 0 and Spike?

Answer: Sprint 0: Sprint 0 refers to the minimal effort required to establish a rough framework of the Product Backlog. It also gives suggestions for predicting product release dates. Sprint 0 is necessary for the following tasks:

  • Creating the project framework, as well as research spikes
  • Maintaining a minimalist design
  • Developing some stories completely
  • Being lightweight and having a low velocity

Spike: The spike is a collection of activities that use Extreme Programming (XP) for research, design, investigation, prototyping, and so on. The spike seeks to mitigate the risks of the technical approach by assisting with the acquisition of information in order to better comprehend requirements and increase reliability.

Question 8. What exactly is Scrum-ban?

Answer: Scrum-ban is a hybrid approach that combines Scrum and Kanban. It effectively combines the structure of Scrum with the flexibility and visualization of Kanban. Scrum-ban can be utilized to satisfy the demands of the team, reduce batching of work, and implement a pull-based framework.

Question 9. Explain ‘Scrum of Scrums’?


  • It is a word for scaled Agile solutions that are needed to control and collaborate with many Scrum Teams. It works best in instances where teams are cooperating on difficult tasks.
  • It is also used to assure that the needed levels of transparency, collaboration, adaptation, and adoption are met, as well as that the products are launched and delivered.

Question 10. What exactly is User-story Mapping?


  • User story mapping presents and organizes user stories that aid in the knowledge of system functionality, the system backlog, the planning of launches, and the provision of value to consumers.
  • On the horizontal axis, they arrange user tales in order of priority. They are displayed on the vertical axis in order of increasing sophistication.

Question 11. What occurs during a Sprint Retrospective?

Answer: The Sprint Retrospective follows the Sprint review. During this meeting, previous errors, possible issues, and new approaches to dealing with them are discussed. This information is used in the planning of a new Sprint.

Question 12. What is Scrum’s Empirical Process Control?


  • Empiricism is defined as work that is founded on realities, observations, proof, discoveries, and experimentation. It is created and implemented in Scrum to ensure that project progress and interpretation are based on facts of observation.
  • It is based on openness, observation, and adaptation.
  • The team’s perspective, as well as a shift in thought process and environment, are critical to achieving the organization’s required agility.

Question 13. What are some of the disadvantages of using Scrum?


  • Scrum necessitates the use of experienced employees
  • Teams must work together and be dedicated to achieving results
  • A less experienced scrum master can lead to the project’s demise
  • Tasks must be well stated, or else the project will be riddled with inaccuracies
  • It is better suited to smaller tasks and is harder to scale to larger, more sophisticated projects

Question 14. What are the essential abilities of a Scrum Master?


  • A thorough understanding of Scrum and Agile concepts is required
  • Strong organizational abilities
  • Expertise with the team’s technologies
  • To be able to train and educate the team on how to use Scrum
  • Having the ability to address and settle problems promptly
  • Being a servant leader

Question 15. What is the distinction between User Stories, Epics, and Tasks?


User Stories: They give the team concise descriptions of the business’s objectives as seen through the eyes of the end-user.

Epics: An epic is a set of related user stories. They are typically vast and complicated.

Tasks: Tasks are used to substantially break down user stories. They are the smallest unit of work tracking in Scrum. A task is normally completed by one person or a team of two persons.

Question 16. Explain Sprint?

Answer: The term Sprint is used in Scrum to define a time-boxed iteration. A specific module or feature of the product is built during a Sprint. A Sprint might last anywhere from a week to two weeks.

Question 17. What exactly is Velocity?

Answer: Velocity is a metric used to calculate how much work a team completes during a Sprint. It refers to the number of finished user stories in a Sprint.

Question 18. What are a Product Owner’s responsibilities?


  • Defines the project’s vision
  • Anticipates consumer needs and develops relevant user stories
  • Project progress is evaluated
  • Serves as a point of contact for all product-related inquiries

Question 19. How does a Scrum Master keep track of the Sprint’s progress?


  • Daily Scrum Meetings
  • Scrum Retrospective
  • Sprint Planning
  • Escaped Defects
  • Defect Density
  • Sprint Burndown
  • Team Velocity

Question 20. What does it mean to be a Servant Leader for a Scrum Master?


  • The term “Servant Leader” refers to the service attitude that a leader should exhibit
  • The Scrum Master must act as a facilitator, guide, mentor, and so on
  • This allows the team to have more involvement, empowerment, and so on

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My name is Pooja Rawat. I have done my B.tech in Instrumentation engineering. My hobbies are reading novels and gardening. I like to learn new things and challenges. Currently I am working as a Cyber security Research analyst in Infosectrain.