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Top 10 Security and Risk Trends for Information Infrastructure In 2021

Information Infrastructure

The information infrastructure is a global network of people, groups, organisations, regulations, methods, and technologies that work together to improve the creation, production, dissemination, organisation, storage, retrieval, and preservation of information and knowledge for people. The primary goal of this network is to disseminate knowledge throughout society.

Top 10 Security and Risk Trends for Information Infrastructure In 2021

With the digital revolution sweeping the globe, all businesses, large and small, organisations, and even governments are relying on computerized systems to handle their day-to-day operations, making Cybersecurity a top priority to protect data from various online threats or data breaches.

Basics of Cyber-Threat

Cyber threats led the global cyber surroundings at the moment. It’s hard to believe that organizations and individuals could be the victims of this crime. The truth is that ANYTHING that uses the internet is vulnerable to a variety of cyber threats. To the majority of the population, threats are obnoxious and harmful. People who are infected with malware risk losing intellectual property, having their online bank accounts revealed, or unintentionally spreading more malware to other computers in their network. A higher level of a cyber attack can obtain corporate data and interrupt a country’s critical national infrastructure.

On the FBI’s priority list, Cyber Crime and Terrorism are second only to Counter-Terrorism and Anti-Intelligence.

Common Attack Methods That Are Used

The following is a list and brief description of cyber-attack methods that will continue to pose a serious danger to public and private sector organisations.

Man-in-the-middle Attack

A MitM attack happens when an attacker occurs between a client’s and a server’s interactions. While the server believes it is interacting with the trusted client, the attacking computer changes its IP address for the trustworthy client. Some common types of MitM attacks:

  • Session Hijacking
  • IP Spoofing
  • Replay attack

DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service)

A Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack occurs when a large volume of traffic is sent to a single device to disrupt the device’s normal operation.

DDoS attacks enable attackers to physically harm their victims rather than steal their data. These attacks overflow the network with massive amounts of data, pushing it to its limits.

Malware that Operates Across Multiple Platforms

Now, malware isn’t just a problem for Windows-based computers anymore. With the number of systems running different operating systems, cyber attackers are more motivated to create cross-platform malware.

Malware with Metamorphic and Polymorphic Properties

This type of virus is constantly updating its code, so each new version is unique from the old one.


This pattern is typically operated via email, the attackers send a bogus email, message, web link, or voice call in order to obtain our personal information. Phishing attackers’ primary goal is to capture your personal and confidential data, such as login credentials, card information, and so on. They may also attempt to install malware on your systems.


Top 10 Security Trends for 2021

As news of data breaches, ransomware, and cyberattacks becomes the norm, constant development in technology requires a matching shift in practices. The following are the top cybersecurity trends for 2021 that we will go into in detail:

1. Automated Cybercrime: The emergence of automotive cyberattacks will be the first cyber security trend of 2021. Autonomous software in today’s vehicles provides a smooth connection for drivers in areas such as cruise control and engine timing as well as door locks, airbags, and advanced driver assistance systems. Communication between these vehicles is done by Bluetooth and WiFi technologies. This leaves them exposed for attack by unauthorised users. Even more complex mechanisms are used in self-driving or autonomous vehicles, which require severe cybersecurity controls.

2. Improving Cyber Security by Integrating AI: Machine learning and this technology have transformed cybersecurity. AI has played a critical role in the development of automated security systems, speech recognition, face recognition, and automatic threat detection. It’s also being used to create smart malware and attacks to get around the most up-to-date data protection protocols. AI-enabled threat detection systems can predict new threats and warn users of any security breaches quickly.

3. The New Target Is Mobile: Mobile banking malware is on the rise, according to cybersecurity trends. All our photographs, banking transactions, emails, and messages pose a greater risk to individuals.

4. Malware in the Cloud is Also a Threat: Nowadays more and more organisations have settled in the cloud. This means that security measures must be constantly monitored and updated in order to prevent data leakage. Although cloud apps are secure on their end, the user end is still a major source of mistaken errors, dangerous software, and phishing assaults.

5. Data Breach: Data will continue to be a top priority for businesses all over the world. Protecting digital data is the main objective now, whether for an individual or organisation. Any minor flaw or bug in your system browser or software can allow devices to steal personal information.

6. IoT with 5G Network: 5G and the IoT are the next big cyber security trends for 2021. This connection across several devices also introduces them to outside influence, threats, or an unknown software bug that could damage their privacy. As the 5G network develops, we may be subjected to an increasing number of unknown network threats.

7. Embedding and Automation: In today’s busy work environment, experts and engineers are under pressure to provide rapid and efficient solutions, making automation more vital than ever. For a more secure product in every aspect, security measurements are integrated into the agile approach. Due to the difficulty of securing large and sophisticated online applications, both automation and cyber security are essential concepts in the software development process.

8. Ransomware with a Specific Target: Ransomware is another big cybersecurity threat that we tend to overlook. To run their businesses, many companies in wealthy nations rely substantially on specialised software. Ransomware has more specific targets, yet it can also affect governments and large organisations.

9. National Cyber Warfare: The conflict between the United States and Iran or Chinese players often makes headlines around the world, even though the attacks are rare. As a result of the fact that there will be over 70 elections this year, criminal activity will increase throughout this time period.

10. The Threat of Insiders: One of the most common causes of data breaches is human mistakes. A single bad day or purposeful loophole can bring a whole organisation down, resulting in millions of dollars in stolen data.

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My name is Pooja Rawat. I have done my B.tech in Instrumentation engineering. My hobbies are reading novels and gardening. I like to learn new things and challenges. Currently I am working as a Cyber security Research analyst in Infosectrain.