These days, many companies employ Development and Operations (DevOps) teams to assist them in developing software. However, most cutting-edge software applications fail without adequate security because development teams implement security at the end of the software development life cycle. Today, security measures are essential to the success of every project due to the rise in data breaches and cyber-attacks, yet they are not appropriately implemented. Moreover, addressing key concerns when security is involved at the end of the development process is more complex and time-consuming. Therefore, there is a demand for a new kind of hybrid role known as DevSecOps that assists businesses in integrating security across software development by putting security controls in place at each stage of the development life cycle. If you are considering a DevSecOps role, you may expect to be questioned about your security and development experience. In this article, we will give you the most frequently asked DevSecOps interview questions and answers.
DevSecOps Interview Questions and Answers
1. What are the primary components of DevSecOps?
The following are the primary components of DevSecOps:
2. Name some of the most widely used DevOps tools.
Following are a few of the most widely used DevOps tools:
3. What is the distinction between DevOps and DevSecOps?
DevOps is a collection of practices that aims to integrate IT operations and software development. DevOps helps organizations to improve their efficiency by coding, testing, and deploying code on production servers while mitigating risk at every phase.
DevSecOps is a collection of principles and practices that integrate security into each Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) phase. DevSecOps helps organizations protect their data, applications, infrastructure, and software.
4. What are the advantages of a DevSecOps Maturity Model?
The following are the advantages of a DevSecOps Maturity Model:
5. What types of application security tools are used in the DevSecOps process?
To successfully implement DevSecOps, companies should consider several Application Security Testing (AST) tools.
6. What are the responsibilities of a DevOps/DevSecOps architect?
DevOps/DevSecOps architects have the following responsibilities:
7. What metrics would you employ to evaluate DevOps performance?
The following metrics are used to measure DevOps performance:
8. What are the advantages of including automation in our SDLC process’ testing phase?
Incorporating automation into the testing phase of the SDLC process comes with a number of potential advantages. Some of them are:
9. What do you know about container security?
Container security protects a container’s infrastructure, software supply chain, system tools, system libraries, and runtime, as well as its application and performance, from potential cybersecurity risks using security tools and policies.
10. What are the essential elements that create tools for continuous testing?
Primary components that are used to create tools for continuous testing include:
11. How do you begin a DevSecOps project?
To start DevOps or DevSecOps projects in the company, you will need to go through a number of phases, such as assessment, gap analysis, maturity model, project implementation roadmap, and so on.
12. What are the DevOps anti-patterns?
Patterns are standard procedures that companies regularly follow. When a company keeps adhering to a pattern that others have adopted but does not suit their needs, it creates an anti-pattern. The following are a few DevOps anti-patterns:
13. What is continuous testing?
Continuous testing is a kind of software testing where the application is assessed frequently and initiated throughout the Continuous Delivery (CD) process. This testing uses automated tests to ensure that DevSecOps teams receive timely feedback and quickly minimize risks throughout SDLC.
14. What are the advantages of continuous testing in DevSecOps?
The following are the advantages of continuous testing in DevSecOps:
15. What are the essential components of continuous testing?
Essential components of continuous testing include:
16. What is “IaC”? How does it connect to the DevOps methodology?
IaC stands for Infrastructure as Code. It is an approach to manage and provision system data centers using machine-readable specification files instead of physically installing hardware. It is frequently used in conjunction with the DevOps methodology to provide an automated and simplified infrastructure management approach.
17. What does “Mean-Time-To-Recovery” mean?
Mean-Time-To-Recovery (MTTR) is a metric that measures how quickly issues can be resolved. It is used to evaluate the performance of DevOps projects by comparing the pre-and post-DevOps MTTR data.
18. What stage of DevOps should security be integrated into?
Security should be integrated into every stage of the DevOps lifecycle, including conceptualization, design, development, test, maintenance, release, and support.
19. What are DevOps’ primary activities with application development?
The primary activities of DevOps with application development are:
20. What are DevOps’ primary activities with infrastructure?
The primary activities of DevOps with infrastructure are:
How can InfosecTrain help?
In the domain of DevSecOps, there are lots of job opportunities. To pursue a successful career in this domain, you must possess a solid understanding of DevSecOps’ foundational concepts and be well-prepared for interviews. By considering these interview questions, we hope you can successfully prepare for your DevSecOps interview and acquire a satisfying opportunity in the industry. We at InfosecTrain are ready and eager to assist you in meeting your professional goals if you require expert advice and strategic direction for your preparation. You are welcome to enroll for our AZ- 400 Microsoft Certified: Azure DevOps Engineer Expert certification training course.